and Mediterranean. It is a founding member of the African Union, a founding member of the Arab Maghreb Union, a member of the League of Arab States and the United Nations since its independence, OPEC and many global and regional institutions.
Energy exports are the backbone of its economy. According to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Algeria ranks 16th in terms of oil reserves in the world and the second largest in Africa, while it ranks ninth in terms of natural gas reserves. It supplies large quantities of natural gas to Europe.
Sonatrach, the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa.
It is called the country of one and a half million martyrs, in relation to the number of martyrs of the national liberation revolution, which lasted for seven and a half years. Most Algerians live in the north of the country, near the coast, due to the mild climate and the availability of fertile land. According to Article Two of the country’s constitution, the official religion of the Algerian state is Islam, and the official and national language is Arabic, and the Amazigh language is a second official language, as approved by the 2016 amendment to the constitution by former President Bouteflika.
Algeria’s constitution describes “Islam, Arabism and Amazighness” as the basic components of the identity of the Algerian people, and the country as “the land of Islam, an integral part of the Great Maghreb, an Arab land, and Mediterranean and African countries.”
Algeria covers an area of 2,381,740 km², and is the largest country in Africa, and is 11th in terms of area compared to the rest of the world.
It should be noted that Algeria is bordered on the east by Tunisia and Libya, on the western side by Morocco and Western Sahara, on the northern side by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the south by Mali, Niger and Mauritania. The lands of Algeria are devoid of inland water bodies, and the Atlas Mountains chain separates the southern region of Algeria from the far north region known as the Algerian hill, which is characterized by the coastal plains and the temperate climates of the Mediterranean, while the desert lands in the southern region constitute the majority of the country’s lands, and are part of the western section. From the Sahara desert stretching across North Africa.
number of population
The population of Algeria is 2022. Algeria is considered one of the best countries in the Maghreb. It is located in North Africa, facing the Mediterranean Sea from the north, the Republic of Tunisia from the east, Mali from the south, and the Kingdom of Morocco from the west. Algeria is one of the most important members of Arab organizations and bodies such as the United Nations. The Western Union and others, and it has a great history of wars and struggle, as it was occupied for a period of 130 years by the French state. The population of Algeria is 2022 What is the population of Algeria 2022 The Arab countries have suffered from an increase in population density in recent years as a result of the high birth rate and low death rate due to the improvements in the health of their countries, which protects human health from death
The population of Algeria reached 43,851,044 in 2022 AD and the number is expected to reach about 44.7 million people by 2022 AD.
Algeria has tourism that combines history and amazing natural scenes, where seas, plains, valleys, mountains and deserts combine in its nature. As for history, it embraces many archaeological sites dating back to the Phoenician, Byzantine and Roman eras in addition to Islamic and others.
Where is Algeria ? Algeria is located in the Middle East, north of the African continent, where it is bordered to the east by Libya and Tunisia, to the west by Morocco and Mauritania, to the south by Niger and Mali, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
The capital of Algeria is Algiers, which is the main destination of tourist places in Algeria.
Travel to Algeria for citizens of Libya, Tunisia, Morocco and Mauritania is done with a free visa granted at the airports, which entitles them to stay for a maximum period of 90 days. As for the rest of the countries, they must review the embassy or consulate in their country.
The official currency of Algeria is the Algerian dinar.
Wonderful tourist places
The “Red Palaces” are an entire city located in the south of Algeria, also called the “Pearl of the Algerian Sahara”, specifically in the tourist and historical city of Timimoun, which has a unique urban character dating back hundreds of years.
In addition to being famous for its dense palm oases, desert trees and plants, and its warm weather, Timimoun is also famous for its red palaces sprawling among the sand dunes. Long, narrow paths protect residents from the heat of the sun. The roof made of palm fronds gives some freshness and a nice atmosphere.
Sifar.. the deserted wonder
Sefar is an ancient historical city, located in the desert of Algeria, specifically in the Djanet region, which is one of the most Algerian cities that “contains a huge amount of historical secrets”, and even “scientific miracles” and “myths and myths”.
Sivar is located in the Tassili n’Ajjer chain in the middle of the Algerian desert, a city described as the “eighth wonder of the world.” It is said that it is the area that hides the secrets of the oldest civilization in the world for more than 15 thousand years, and that it has an open-air museum with strange drawings and inscriptions.
And “Sephar” has a history older than the pyramids of Egypt, and is classified by the “UNESCO” as “the oldest and largest rocky city in the world”, and its area exceeds the size of Jordan and is estimated at 89,000 km.
Caves of Tassili n’Ajjer
“Tassili Najer” is the largest mountain range of sandstone in the Algerian desert, extending for about 500 km, and it is also a barren plateau with a height of a thousand meters above sea level, and its highest mountain peak looks like “ancient ruins of abandoned cities” due to the strong winds that Blowing over the desert of Algeria.
It is not just a barren mountain range, but also includes historical caves that hide many secrets, consisting of strange volcanic and sandy rock formations, known as “stone forests”, with inscriptions that archaeologists were unable to discover the truth about, but they emphasized that it represents a complete life of an ancient civilization.
The ancient city of Timgad is located in eastern Algeria, and belongs to the province of Batna, which is also called the “capital of Aures” (429 km east of Algiers).
And “Tamukadi” or “Thamouqadi”, is the first name for the ancient Roman city of Timgad in Algeria, and archaeologists discovered the reason or the story of naming the city with this name.
Through the “Arc de Triomphe” that is located in the ancient city, the scholars discovered a “dedication text”, so that it became clear that the Roman Emperor “Trajan” founded the city of Timgad in 100 AD in honor of his sister, and wrote on the arch “Marciana Traiana Thamugadi”, It was initially a Roman settlement in eastern Algeria
The ancient Algerian city of Timgad is the only one of the Roman cities that has preserved its initial shape and design on the African continent. Several historical studies have stated that the Roman Emperor “Trajan” ordered that it be built in the form of a chess board.
It is the third garden in the world in terms of rare plants, classified among the five most beautiful gardens in the world, the first in Africa and the third in the world in terms of area, and the kiss of researchers in the fields of agriculture and the environment, all gathered in the “garden of scientific experiments” located off the Gulf of Algiers, specifically in The popular Belkour neighborhood.
The origin of Hamma Park in Algiers dates back to 1832, but its current designs date back to 1929 by the French architect Rainier.
Hamma Park is considered one of the most beautiful and wonderful gardens in the world, and the area of the park is 32 hectares.
It is also the third garden in the world in terms of rare plants that are found only in Hamma, Britain and the United States, as it includes more than 3,000 species of plants, hundreds of species of animals, fish and insects, as well as two gardens in the classic French style and the second in the British character.
Hamma Garden has a climatic advantage, characterized by its moderate climate. In winter, the temperature inside it reaches 15 degrees Celsius when it is 5 degrees in the adjacent areas, while in the summer it does not exceed 25 degrees Celsius when the temperatures are 35 degrees outside.
Jamila is an ancient archaeological city that belonged to the Romans, located in the Setif governorate, east of Algeria.
The ancient city of Jamila has many ancient Roman temples, amphitheaters, baths and markets.
White color: a symbol of peace, love and goodness. Green: symbolizes hope for progress and a better tomorrow. Red color: symbolizes the importance of work to achieve prosperity. The crescent and star: symbolize that Islam is the main religion in Algeria.