The Arab Republic of Egypt is a country at the crossroads of continents extending over the northeastern corner of Africa and the southwestern corner of Asia through a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. The country has an area of 1001,450 km2. 96 million people are concentrated along the narrow Nile valley and delta, while 98% of them live on only 3% of the land.
Egypt is divided into twenty-seven governorates comprising four main governorates (Alexandria, Cairo, Port Said, Suez), nine governorates located in Lower Egypt (in the Nile Delta region), nine in Upper Egypt along the Nile River from Cairo to Aswan, and five border governorates covering Sinai and the deserts that lie west and east of the Nile.
Egypt is considered one of the low-middle-income countries that suffer from a food deficit, with a population of about 93.4 million and a growth rate of 2.5%. Its per capita GDP is estimated at $3,740. The unemployment rate is 12.1%, while the GDP growth rate is 3.8% in 2016. Currently 56.9% of the population lives in rural areas. It is estimated that 28% of the population lives below the poverty line and that about three quarters of the poor live in rural areas.
The Egyptian economy depends on weak and depletable natural resources, remittances, and some economic sectors, such as tourism, oil and gas, and agriculture. The severe pressure is focused on limited natural resources, especially water, and this pressure is increasing due to the effects of climate change, increased urbanization, overexploitation of the Nile Delta and inefficient management of water resources.
Although the agriculture sector is considered a vital sector for Egypt due to its importance in achieving food and nutrition security, providing employment, reducing poverty and enhancing the resilience of the rural population, Egypt is still highly dependent on food imports, especially wheat – the main crop. It is estimated that 17% of Egyptians suffer from food insecurity, and malnutrition is widespread with high rates of obesity, especially among women. Hence, achieving sustainable agricultural growth is vital and necessary to improve the livelihoods, food security, nutrition and resilience of rural people.
It covers an area of approximately 1,000,000 square kilometres
Egypt is an Arab country located in the northeastern corner of the continent of Africa, where the Sinai Peninsula is located within the continent of Asia. It is a transcontinental country, bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, to the south by Sudan, to the east by the Red Sea, to the northeast by the Gaza Strip and the occupied territories (Israel) and to the west by Libya .
number of population
The population of Egypt is 103 million and 250 thousand people
The most prominent tourist attractions in the world Egypt Arab Republic of Egypt
It is an Arab country located in the northeastern corner of Africa. Egypt is considered a world historical archive of civilizations; Where the oldest world civilizations, the Pharaonic civilization, were established on its land for more than 3000 years, in addition to the Roman, Greek, and Byzantine civilizations. In 639 AD, Islam entered Egypt and an ancient Islamic civilization was established in it as well.
Egypt is distinguished by its strategic location; Its location is characterized by its extension from the northeastern corner of the continent of Africa to the southwestern corner of the continent of Asia, and its lands overlook from the north the Mediterranean Sea, and from the east on the Red Sea, and it is bordered to the northeast by the Gaza Strip, to the south by Sudan, and to the west by the Libyan Republic. It also includes the Nile River, the longest river in the world.
Depending on the vast area covered by Egypt, its terrain and geography vary; From the river and the sea, to the desert.
Tourism in Egypt The tourism sector in Egypt is one of the most important and prominent sectors in the Egyptian economy, which attracts millions of tourists annually.
Wonderful tourist places
Abu Simbel is an archaeological site that contains two temples: the Small Temple and the Great Temple, carved into the rocks. The temples were built during the reign of Ramses II in the period 1279-1213 BC. The reason for building the temples is due to the celebration of the victory of Pharaoh Ramses II in the Battle of Kadesh, where the great temple of the god Ra-Harakhty, the god Ptah, and the pharaoh Ramses II was built. As for the small temple, it was built for the goddess Hathor, and Nefertiti, the beloved wife of Ramses II.
The temples are located in southern Egypt on the bank of the Nile. The great temple contains four colossal statues sitting at the entrance to the temple; Two on each side, representing Pharaoh Ramses II, his family and the gods, each 20 meters long, while the temple is 30 meters high, and 35 meters long. As for the small temple, it contains six statues carved at its entrance, representing Ramses and his wife Nefertiti. Each statue is 10 meters long, while the temple is 28 meters long and 12 meters high.
The Pyramids of Giza are among the most prominent historical and tourist attractions in Egypt, and one of the oldest monuments that still exist today. The Giza pyramids consist of three pyramids; It is the pyramid of Khufu, the pyramid of Khafre, and the pyramid of Menkaure.
The pyramid of Khufu, the largest pyramid, is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The pyramid entered the list of the seven wonders of the world due to its high height and great construction; The height of each side of the pyramid is 231 meters, and the weight of each brick in the pyramid is 2.5 tons, while the weight of the entire pyramid is 6 million tons.
The pyramids are located in the Egyptian area of Giza, that is, in the western region of the Nile River. The pyramids are one of the important royal tombs in Egypt, which includes the bodies of the pharaohs who ruled Egypt. So far, more than 100 pyramids belonging to the ancient pharaohs have been discovered. The pyramids were built in the period between 2055-1650 BC, and the construction of the last pyramid continued between 1550-1525 BC.
Valley of the Kings
The Valley of the Kings, also called the Valley of the Kings , is a site that includes the tombs of a number of ancient pharaohs and the very wealthy nobles of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twenty dynasties.
The valley includes the tombs of many prominent pharaohs, including Tutankhamun, Seti I, and Ramses II, as well as many queens. Tombs represent preparations for the life to come; It contains all the tools the pharaohs buried next to might need. The valley is located on the western bank of the Nile, next to the city of Luxor.
Karnak Temple is a complex of ancient ruined statues and temples, dating back to the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II. This area was the place of worship; It contains four main temples, one of the most famous and largest of which is the temple of the god Amun. In addition to the temples, the site contains many ancient monuments and statues, as well as historical scenes from the battles that the pharaohs fought with their enemies. Karnak Temple is located in southern Egypt, near the city of Luxor.
Abydos is one of the most ancient sacred sites in Egypt, derives its sanctity from being the center of worship for the god Osiris, as it was thought to be the gates to the underworld, and was a popular place of pilgrimage and burial. The site contains the Temple of Seti I, its most famous monument. Its construction was initiated by Pharaoh Seti I, and completed by his son, Ramses II.
The walls of the temple contain an archaeological list engraved on the walls of the temple with the names of 76 kings of ancient Egypt, which Seti I excavated to distinguish the kings of the pharaohs in ancient Egypt. The site also contains many temples dedicated to the worship of the god Osiris.
The temple is located in the north of Upper Egypt.
Philae Temple is a temple located in the city of Aswan. The temple was built for the goddess Isis by Pharaoh Ptolemy II, but the Roman kings completed its construction. The temple tells the story of the goddess Isis, the wife of the pharaoh Osiris, as this goddess symbolizes the funeral rites and the gift of life. She is usually represented by a throne that she carries over her head. The word “Philae” means the end, in reference to the site of the temple, which is located in the far south of Egypt.
It is a flag with three colors: Red: symbolizes the blood of the martyrs for the sake of liberation through the ages. White: symbolizes the new covenant or peace, liberation and prosperity. Black: symbolizes the bygone era, colonialism and the enemies of the revolution.