The history of the state is not limited to the beginning of the union of the seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Fujairah and Ras al-Khaimah, and then the formation of the United Arab Emirates. However, their union was a turning point in the history of the Trucial Coast. With the success of this union, the United Arab Emirates became known among the international community as a modern state. In fact, the United Arab Emirates is (a country of history and civilization) as proven by many studies based on ancient documents and antiquities that were discovered on the land of this good country. Several national and foreign excavation missions in the country since 1958 AD until now have shed light on the civilization experienced by the previous peoples in this region since the end of the fourth millennium BC. It is worth noting that there is no dispute about the fact that there were other peoples who lived in this region much further back than that; According to the findings of researchers who found archaeological sites near the city of Al Ain, which date back to the Neolithic period.
In addition to the history and civilization of the Gulf region, the region was also distinguished by its strategic geographical location. Since the sixteenth century, a conflict erupted between the European powers (the Portuguese, the French and the British) for control of: India and the Persian Gulf region, and their goal was to control trade and shipping lines. On the other hand, regional and local forces emerged to defend their rights and their homeland.
The Portuguese were the first to spread evil on the land of the Persian Gulf, headed by their first leader de Gama, Albuquerque and many after them; Those who committed heinous massacres against Arabs and Muslims, and destroyed Muscat and Khor Fakkan. The Portuguese colonization remained on the land of the Persian Gulf for most of the sixteenth century. Then their power weakened due to the population’s resistance to their oppression, in addition to the dispute of the Netherlands, Britain and France for them to control the seas of the East. Britain succeeded with the growth of the East India Company – which was founded in 1617 AD – in removing the Portuguese from the region in 1625 AD, and removing them from competition completely in 1766 AD.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, two Arab powers appeared in the region: the first – the Bani Yas tribe, which controlled the lower region of the Arabian Gulf (including the cities of Abu Dhabi and Dubai), and the second was the Qawasim tribe, whose capital was Ras al-Khaimah. The Qawassim naval force was impressively active. With their strength, they were able to confront the British fleets and ships from inside the Persian Gulf to the depths of the Indian Ocean.
The Gulf region remained under the control of Britain, which supported its policy on three unrealistic bases: fighting pirates, fighting slaves, and fighting trade. Originally, these reasons were a curtain behind its expansionist colonial policy. Britain continued to impose its control over the region by all means until it concluded in 1820 a treaty with the sheikhs of the Omani coast that gave its existence a legal contractual basis. By signing this treaty, the British called the western coast of the Gulf the (Trucial Coast) or (Trucial Coast).
The total area of the UAE is estimated at 83,600 square kilometers, and it extends in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, along part of the Gulf of Oman and the southern coast of the Arabian Gulf, and is bordered to the west and south by Saudi Arabia, to the north by Qatar, and to the east by Oman. Its lands are barren and sandy.
The UAE is ranked among the countries most vulnerable to the potential impacts of climate change in the world, and this will result in more rise in temperatures, less rainfall, the spread of drought, rising sea levels, and more storms.
The consequences of these impacts are severe and intense on infrastructure, human health, and the natural environment, affecting various sectors of development and policies including social, economic, health and environmental conditions.
On the other hand, economic prosperity and population growth increase the demand for energy, water and natural resources, which indirectly contribute to the high levels of carbon dioxide emissions, and climate change in general.
The UAE plays a central role in the world’s energy economy as a supplier of fossil fuels, which makes it an important supporter in finding solutions to reduce emissions, while continuing to supply the world with the energy it needs.
The country participated in the fight against climate change because it is aware of the risks of a weak response to this issue, and the global responsibility that it bears.
number of population
The population of the UAE for the year 2022 is estimated at 10,151,142, or 0.13% of the total world population, according to the Federal Center for Competitiveness and Statistics. Thus, the UAE ranks 93rd in the list of the largest countries in the world by population. The number of births in the UAE is estimated at 1.4 births per woman.
The United Arab Emirates has imposed itself as one of the important tourist destinations on the international tourism map, where originality blends with modernity and development, and this is evident through the urban renaissance it witnessed.
The State of the United Arab Emirates consists of seven emirates located in the Arabian Gulf next to each of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait and the Sultanate of Oman. The most famous cities of the Emirates or the most famous of these seven Emirates are Dubai and Abu Dhabi.
Wonderful tourist places
The Emirate of Ajman covers an area of approximately 259 square kilometers. It is the smallest emirate in the country in terms of area. It is surrounded by the Emirate of Sharjah, located on the coast of the Arabian Gulf, and is part of the Dubai-Ajman-Sharjah urban area.
The Emirate of Abu Dhabi is the largest emirate in the country, with an area of about 67,339 square kilometers, covering approximately 87% of the lands of the Union, and a population of more than 2.3 million people, according to 2012 statistics; Therefore, it is one of the most populous Emirates, in addition to contributing about 60% of the country’s GDP, and it was chosen as the administrative and political capital in 1971.
The Emirate of Dubai is the second largest emirate in the federation, with an area of 3,900 square kilometers. It is a rectangular emirate with a front overlooking the Arabian Gulf. It is surrounded on the south and west by the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, and bordered on the east and northeast by the Emirate of Sharjah.
The Emirate of Fujairah is located on the Gulf of the Sultanate of Oman, with an area of about 1,170 square kilometers. The Emirate is famous for agriculture, fishing, and boat building. Its ownership was contested in the late nineteenth century, when it was a British protectorate until it joined the United Arab Emirates in 1971.
The area of Sharjah is approximately 2,589.9 square kilometers, and its population exceeds 1,400,000 people, according to 2015 statistics. In addition to the capital, there are many small cities in the Emirate of Sharjah, such as: Khor Fakkan, Dibba Al-Hisn, and Kalba.
Ras Al Khaimah
The area of the Emirate of Ras al-Khaimah is approximately 1,683 square kilometers, and it is located in the northern regions of the Federation. Ras al-Khaimah was not part of the original Trucial States, but was part of the Emirate of Sharjah for most of its history. The city is connected to Dubai and Sharjah via a paved road, in addition to having an international airport.
The UAE flag is characterized by its rectangular shape, and is divided into four rectangular sections in equal and parallel horizontal spaces, which include several colors: White: peace, goodness and giving Black: the courage of the people of the Emirates and defeating enemies and the strength of the green mind: hope, optimism, prosperity and development