(Officially: the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) is an Arab country located in southwest Asia, in the middle of the Middle East, located in the southern part of the Levant region, and the northern region of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Syria to the north, Palestine to the west, Iraq to the east, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the east and south, and the Gulf of Aqaba to the southwest, where the city of Aqaba overlooks the Red Sea, and this is the only sea port for Jordan. It was named Jordan in relation to the Jordan River, which runs on its western borders.
Jordan is considered a country that combines different Arab cultures and dialects in a striking way, and no natural borders separate it from its Arab neighbors except the Jordan River and the Yarmouk River, which form part of its borders with Palestine and Syria, respectively. As for the rest of the borders, it is an extension of the Levant Badia in the north and east, the An-Nafwa desert in the south, and Wadi Araba to the southwest. The terrain in Jordan varies greatly, the most important of which are the Ajloun Mountains in the northwest, and the Shara Mountains in the south. The highest peak of Umm al-Dami is 1854 meters, and the lowest point in the Dead Sea, which is the lowest point in the world.
The total area of Jordan is 89,342 square kilometres, and the land area is 88,802 square kilometres, while the area of water bodies is 540 square kilometres. The totality of the state, and Jordan is mediated by five countries on all sides and from the maritime borders as well; It is bordered to the south by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, to the north by the Syrian Arab Republic, to the east by the Iraqi Republic in addition to Saudi Arabia, and the Palestinian territories extend along its western borders, and it shares with the Arab Republic of Egypt a water border across the Gulf of Aqaba.
The types of climate that prevail in Jordan:
It is a transitional climate between a temperate climate and a dry subtropical climate. It is characterized by its hot and dry summer and wet and mild winters.
In summer, temperatures exceed 22° on the coasts and 30° in the interior, and sometimes approach 40°.
In winter, the monthly average for the coldest month is more than 10°
What distinguishes the Mediterranean climate is the presence of two central seasons during the year: winter and summer. Winter is the season of rain and low temperatures, and the hours of the day are short and clouds cover the sky. The summer season is the season of the sun and high and dry temperatures. The day is long and the sky is clear blue. There are two short secondary semesters: the spring and autumn semesters. The temperatures are moderate, sometimes the temperatures are high and sometimes it rains.
Or arid is characterized by a high rate of evaporation compared to precipitation, which is by nature weak or even non-existent, which negatively affects the growth and development of plant and human life. Plant life is almost confined to the oases
In the desert climate, precipitation is less than 200 mm, and temperatures are high.
number of population
The population of Jordan for the year 2022 is estimated at 10,799,904 people, or 0.136% of the total world population. The number of births in Jordan is estimated at 2.8 births per woman. The infant mortality rate in Jordan is estimated at 12.8 deaths per 1000 newborns. Average life expectancy in Jordan is estimated at 75.01 years.
Tourism in Jordan is considered one of the most important economic sectors in Rafd in the Jordanian economy, and Jordan is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in the Middle East. This is mainly due to its religious and historical importance. Jordan has other characteristics that make it a destination for tourists and visitors from all over the world throughout the year, especially with regard to medical tourism. Jordan also enjoys a diversity of terrain, and Jordan is considered a link between Asia, Africa and Europe
Jordan is also characterized by the diversity of tourist places and attractions, such as archaeological, religious, therapeutic, cultural and recreational sites. There are more than 3000 hotels in Jordan, classified from one to five degrees and suitable for all segments of society and visitors.
Wonderful tourist places
The ancient city of Jerash
Jerash is an ancient historical city inhabited by man for more than 6,500 years, and this city was in the past belonging to the Roman Empire, and evidence of this is the ancient monuments that are still clearly visible in that region; Where there are large gatherings of Roman buildings and monuments, such as: huge stone columns scattered along the old street, wide squares, historical palaces, towers and fountains.
The pink city of Petra
The city of Petra, which was recently included in the World Heritage List, is an archaeological historical city that was built by the Nabateans in the third century BC. It is distinguished by its wonderful and amazing architecture. Where it was carved in pink sandstone, and the Treasury is one of the most prominent features of this pink city, which can be reached by walking through a long path known as the Siq, which extends for 1.2 km in a rocky crevice. Among the prominent landmarks in the city of Petra are also: The majestic Nabatean temple, the monastery, in addition to the tombs, palaces, storerooms, and others.
Ajloun Castle is an archaeological and historical fortress that was built on top of a high mountain. In order to protect the trade routes that reach Syria, tourists can visit this castle, and enjoy the wonderful and picturesque scenery, which is represented by the merging of history with nature.
Mount Nebo is one of the most prominent places where religious tourist attractions are spread in Jordan. It is about ten minutes away from the city of Madaba, which is located in the south of Jordan, using a transportation mechanism. It should be noted that Mount Nebo is of great importance for all monotheistic religions; Where it is believed that it is the mountain on which the Prophet Moses stood on the outskirts of the land of Canaan, and where he was also buried, and accordingly, it was a destination for the first ancient Christian pilgrims. The history of the first church built on it dates back to the period of the fourth century AD. As for the surrounding area; It includes a church and a monastery that were discovered in 1933 AD, and they date back to the fourth and fifth centuries AD. This site is of great importance; The American Center for Oriental Research seeks to protect and preserve its archaeological heritage sites and the archaeological sites around it in the city of Madaba.
The Jordan Museum is located in the new downtown area, and presents Jordan’s history and cultural heritage in a series of exhibitions. The Jordan Museum is considered a comprehensive national center for culture and knowledge, and reflects the country’s vision in an attractive educational way that begins with its past and present to its future.
It can be said that the Jordan Museum is one of the tourist places in Jordan that simulates its future aspirations linked to its ancient history and ancient culture.
The museum houses animal bones dating back 1.5 million years, plaster and copper statues, as well as several human statues.
The Jordan Museum also includes antique silver and gold pieces, and it is one of the most visited tourist places in Amman, Jordan, from inside and outside the country.
The Jordan Valley is distinguished by its beautiful desert scenery and diverse and beautiful terrain, in addition to its religious historical importance for the three monotheistic religions. Where it is believed that God Almighty spoke to his Prophet Moses for the first time in him, and in him the Ten Commandments were revealed to him, in addition to the passage of other prophets on him; As Jesus, Jacob, and Ayoub, peace be upon them, as for Islamic history; It contains the graves of many of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace. Those who were martyred in battles or died there in the eighteenth century AH.
Black flag of the Abbasid state. White flag of the Umayyad dynasty. Green Al-Bayt banner. Red Banner of the Great Arab Revolt.