The history of Kuwait goes back more than 400 years when it was settled by the Al-Sabah and Utub family in 1613. The ruler of Kuwait, Sheikh Mubarak Al-Sabah, mentioned in his 1912 letter to the British Resident in the Gulf, the text: “Kuwait is a wasteland that our grandfather settled in Sabah 1022 AH.” The archeology indicates that the history of the region dates back to BC, where the island of Failaka was settled by the Hellenistics in the sixth century BC, then the forces of Alexander the Great seized the island, which the Greeks called Icarus.
The excavations that took place in different areas in Kuwait revealed the existence of very ancient historical monuments. For example, stone tools such as arrowheads and chisels were found in the Burqan area, dating back to the Middle Stone Age. In the Sulaibikhat area, flint tools dating back to the Neolithic period were found. Also, some of the antiquities that were found on Failaka Island and Umm al-Naml Island date back to the Bronze Age, where the inhabitants of Kuwait in that period were affected by the Dilmun civilization and the Kash civilization.
In the sixth century BC the Hellenes lived on the island of Failaka, in a hill called the Khazna hill.
The first appearance of Kuwait in history was in the era of the Greeks in the third century BC, after the forces of Alexander the Great seized the island of Failaka, and the Greeks called it Icarus, and the island was a residence for some Greeks, some foreign merchants, and some local residents. A competition between the Byzantines in Syria, Petra, and the kings of Egypt led to reducing the importance of the island, and there is a Greek temple in Failaka to serve the god Apollo. The name is Arabic, and the island was called Avana, and it was named after Failaka, which means in the Greek language the white island, and the word is likely to be a distortion of the word Felix in the Greek language, which means the happy island. It was confirmed that the island was called by this name in the days of Alexander the Great, and the island was called Failaka or Filga in the local people’s wording, a word taken from the word Falaj meaning running water and arable clay land, and it was called by this name in the Islamic ages First mother.
Kuwait is one of the countries with a very small area, with an area of about 17,820 square kilometers. In Kuwait, a hill is considered the highest spot in the country, reaching a height of 306 meters, but it has not been named until now.
Kuwait enjoys a hot desert climate characterized by a large temperature variation. In winter, the temperature reaches below zero degrees Celsius, while it reaches 50 degrees during the summer months. One of the characteristics of Kuwait’s climate is the lack of rain and its irregularity in terms of time and place, and the average annual rainfall is 118 millimeters.
number of population
The population of Kuwait for the year 2022 is estimated at 4,400,444 million people, or 0.05% of the total world population.
More than two thirds of the population, and the following are the percentages of population distribution in Kuwait:
37.8% for Kuwaiti citizens.
27.9% of the Arab nationalities.
37.8% goes to Asians.
1.9% for African nationalities.
1.1% for other nationalities.
Tourism in Kuwait has many tourist attractions that make it a distinctive destination for many tourists. There are beautiful gardens, various entertainment venues, and beaches with luscious scenery along with unique traditional markets.
It also embraces huge modern shopping complexes as well as luxury resorts and hotels
Wonderful tourist places
Grand State Mosque
The Grand Mosque of the State was designed by Dr. Muhammad Makiya. It was built according to the luxurious Andalusian style. The area of the mosque is approximately 45,000 square meters, as it is considered the largest mosque in the whole country, and the number of worshipers in it on the twenty-seventh night of Ramadan is approximately 170,000.
Kuwait Towers is one of the most important and famous tourist attractions in the country, as it is considered a symbol of Kuwaiti civilization, and evidence of its urban and economic renaissance, and it is located on the northern gate of the Arabian Gulf.
Tariq Rajab Museum of Islamic Art
The Tariq Rajab Museum of Islamic Art contains rare collections of the Qur’an, Arabic manuscripts, as well as tools of Islamic art; Such as: pottery, musical instruments, in addition to ancient Arab and Islamic furniture. It also contains a collection of gold and silver jewelry, as well as metalwork, embroideries, ancient Arab fashion, ceramics, and miniatures, most of which date back to the eras of the Arab-Islamic civilization.
The skating rink is a sports edifice classified as the first of its kind in the Arab Gulf region and the Middle East. It is located in the Green Belt area in the Kuwaiti capital. It opened in March 1980, and it has an area of 8398 m².
The Avenues Mall is one of the most important international commercial centers, and it was awarded the Best Mall in the Middle East for 2013, so it is one of the most important tourist attractions in Kuwait, and one of the most important tourist attractions in it. An impressive group of malls and international stores for the most important brands and brands, and it consists of 7 areas: First Avenue, then Second Avenue, followed by Grand Avenue, in addition to Prestige, the mall, the market, and Soko.
In its design, it was taken into account to be a representative of the oldest cities in the world with its character and its most important landmarks, products and famous restaurants, in addition to cafes and children’s play areas, making the complex’s visitation for entertainment and fun in addition to shopping.
The entertainment city is considered one of the most important entertainment areas in the country and in the Middle East as well. It is located in the Doha area, and its area reaches approximately one million square meters. It contains a group of the latest entertainment facilities in the world, and its most important sections are: the Western World, the World of the Future, In addition to models from the wonders of the world.
Green symbolizes the good land. The white color symbolizes the great achievements of the state. Red symbolizes the color of the blood of enemies.