Archaeological discoveries, excavations, inscriptions and groups of rare pottery pieces that were found in different parts of the country indicate that the land of Qatar was inhabited since the fourth millennium BC.
The Greek historian Herodotus stated in the fifth century BC that the first inhabitants of Qatar were the Canaanite tribes that were famous for the arts of navigation and maritime trade, and that the Greek geographer Ptolemy included in his map called (Arabia) what he called (Qatar), which is believed to be a reference to the fame The Qatari city of Al Zubarah was once among the most important commercial ports in the Gulf region.
As the sources of Arab and Islamic history tell, Qatar played an important role when its residents participated in preparing the first naval fleet to transport armies during the Islamic conquests.
Qatar witnessed a period of economic prosperity under the Abbasid state, during the eighth century AH (fourteenth century AD), and this is evidenced by the blogs written in the Murwab Castle on the western coast, which represent the Abbasid architectural character.
And in the tenth century AH (16th AD) the Qataris and the Turks allied to expel the Portuguese, then all areas in the Arabian Peninsula, including Qatar, were under the rule of the Ottoman Empire and this continued for about four centuries in a row.
The outbreak of World War I in 1914 and the resulting results led to the demise of Turkish rule on the country. Qatar signed a treaty with Britain in 1916 that provided for the protection of Qatar’s lands and its subjects, as British influence in the country did not exceed the supervision of some administrative aspects.
Qatar was ruled by the Al Thani family, which took its name from its dean, Thani bin Muhammad, father of Sheikh Muhammad bin Thani, who was the first sheikh to exercise effective authority in the Qatari peninsula during the mid-19th century.
The Al-Thani family had settled around the oasis of Jibreen in the south of Najd, before moving to Qatar in the early eighteenth century. It is a branch of the Bani Tamim tribe, whose lineage goes back to Mudar bin Nizar. I moved to Doha in the middle of the nineteenth century under the leadership of Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani.
The area of Qatar is 11,521 km2, as Qatar forms a peninsula with a width of approximately 100 km and extends for a distance of 200 km in the Arabian Gulf. , and Iran.
Qatar is an Arab Middle Eastern country that is considered among the smallest countries in the Arab world in terms of area and population, as its population does not exceed 2.7 million people. Below is more information on the geography of Qatar.
Qatar is located on an area of 11 thousand square kilometers, on a peninsula, in the east of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Qatar shares a maritime border with the United Arab Emirates located at a distance of 45 km, and Bahrain located at a distance of 30 km.
Qatar is geographically located in Western Asia overlooking the Arabian Gulf and its geographical area is very small, which makes the climate in it very similar and is represented in the desert climate, where summer is characterized by its long days and intense heat that ranges between 37 and 40 degrees Celsius, as well as drought and humidity, and its period is long. Very stretches from May to September.
number of population
The population in the State of Qatar at the end of July 2022 increased by 11.7% on an annual basis, according to data from the Planning and Statistics Authority. The agency said, today, Monday, that the population inside the State of Qatar recorded at the end of July 2022 about 2,658 million, compared to 2,380 in July 2021.
We can say that Qatar is a world where diverse cultures and many ways of fun mingle to provide tourists in Qatar with the greatest degree of pleasure.
Qatar, located in the southwest of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on the Arabian Sea, stands out as one of the most important tourist places, thanks to the amazing diversity that it provides through tourist attractions, beautiful gardens, various recreational places and stunning beaches.
Wonderful tourist places
Qatar National Museum
The opening of the museum dates back to 1975 AD inside the halls of a restored palace. It is mentioned that the palace was the residence of Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani and his family for nearly twenty-five years. The museum includes a state museum, a lake, and a fish tank.
Islamic art museum
This museum was founded by Mrs. Vera Salomonza and was officially opened on the second of November 2008 AD, where the idea emerged from an urgent desire to highlight the achievements of the Islamic peoples and their civilization and encourage the appreciation and understanding of the civilizational achievements closely. The museum reviews the events of a civilization whose existence dates back to more than a thousand general.
Al Zubarah Castle
It occupies a site about 100 km from the capital, Doha, and is considered one of the important archaeological sites due to its location in the heart of an old fortress built since 1938 AD, which was a military headquarters in the mid-1980s.
Souq Waqif popular
It is considered one of the oldest tourist attractions in Qatar. It is located in the heart of the capital, Doha, and includes a number of commercial centers.
It is an area composed of huge sand dunes, and its location is close to the sandy beach, and it hosts a number of hotels overlooking the shores of the Arabian Gulf.
It is a sandy area with a number of sea outlets, and it overlooks the Saudi Mountain of Al Adaid, and is 96 km away from the capital.
The national flag of any country is a symbol of its pride and glory, a mirror that reflects its identity and history, and a source of pride from which people derive the spirit of pride in their homeland and belonging to its land and soil.