Saudi Arabia


Saudi Arabia
An Arab kingdom located in the Arabian Peninsula
It is the largest country in the Middle East by area, located specifically in the southwest of the continent of Asia and constitutes the largest part of the Arabian Peninsula, with an area of ​​about two million square kilometers. It is bordered to the north by the Republic of Iraq and Jordan, by the State of Kuwait to the northeast, to the east by the State of Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, in addition to the Kingdom of Bahrain, which is linked to Saudi Arabia through the King Fahd Causeway located on the waters of the Arabian Gulf, to the south it is bordered by Yemen, and the Sultanate of Oman to the southeast It is also bordered by the Red Sea to the west.
The Al Saud historically ruled in Najd, and large areas of the Arabian Peninsula more than once, and the current Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a product and heir of those historical entities. A campaign to eliminate it in 1233 AH / 1818 AD, and that stage is referred to as “the first Saudi state, but it did not take long after the fall of the first state until Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad established a new emirate for the House of Saud in Najd, which took Riyadh as the capital and continued until he wrested The rulers of the Emirate of Hail, the Emirate of Riyadh, from the House of Saud in 1891, and that stage is referred to as the “Second Saudi State.” Later, the young Abdulaziz Al Saud, in the year 1319 AH / 1902, recovered the Emirate of Riyadh.

From the hand of Al Rashid, and expanded control over the entire Najd in 1921 and characterized the Sultanate of Najd until Abdul Aziz succeeded in wresting the Kingdom of Hejaz from the hands of the Hashemites, so he installed a king over the Hejaz in January of 1926, and a year later changed his title from Sultan of Najd to King of Najd, and the areas he controlled were named The Kingdom of Hejaz, Najd and its annexes belonged to it, and it remained by that name until Abd al-Aziz united all the areas he controlled into one entity, and that was in 1351 AH / September 23, 1932, and its name was declared “The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.”
Saudi Arabia currently consists of 13 administrative regions, each of which is divided into a number of governorates, the number of which varies from one region to another, and the governorate is divided into centers that are administratively linked to the governorate or emirate. It contains the Grand Mosque in Mecca, and the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina, which are considered the most important holy places for Muslims


The area of ​​the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is 2,149,690 km2, which is 13th in the world in terms of area, and the second largest Arab country in terms of area after Algeria. Saudi Arabia occupies four-fifths of the Arabian Peninsula, and is the largest country in the world without any rivers crossing it. The horizontal width of Saudi Arabia from Medina in the west to Hofuf in the east is 1,013.53 km, and its vertical length from Al-Jawf in the north to Jizan in the south is 1,482.87 km.
According to the statistics of 2011, the percentage of agricultural land was 80.7%; The percentage of arable land was 1.5%; the percentage of land under permanent crops is 0.1%; The percentage of permanent pastures is 79.1%, while the percentage of forests is 0.5% of the total land


The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is located in the Middle East, in the southwest of Asia, overlooking the Arabian Gulf, the Red Sea, and the Gulf of Aqaba, and it constitutes about four-fifths of the Arabian Peninsula. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is bordered to the north by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan with a border of 728 km in length, and Iraq with borders Its length is 814 km, and it is bordered by Kuwait to the northeast with a border of about 222 km in length. It is bordered to the east by the United Arab Emirates with a border of up to 457 km, and by Oman to the southeast by a border of 676 km in length, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is bordered by Yemen from the south and southwest, and the length of the border between the two countries is 1,458 km, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has borders with Qatar from the east with borders up to It reaches 60 km, and the total length of its coasts is 2,640 km. As for its location in relation to longitude and latitude, it is located at 25 degrees north latitude and 45 degrees east longitude.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia occupies four-fifths of the Arabian Peninsula, with an area of ​​2,149,690 km2. This area includes land only, as there are no water bodies in Saudi Arabia, and it is divided into 13 provinces. Saudi Arabia ranks third among Asian countries in terms of area after the two countries of China and India.

number of population

We review the most important information about the geography of Saudi Arabia for the year 2022:

The area of Saudi Arabia is estimated at 2,150,000 km2, or about 2 million square kilometers.

The climate of Saudi Arabia is considered a dry desert climate with hot days and cold nights and the presence of light rain at times. It is characterized by the following:

In summer: very hot desert.
In winter: dry and warm with occasional light rain.


Tourism in Saudi Arabia may not have had that necessary momentum in the past, but that has become a thing of the past with the launch and activation of the tourist visa for Saudi Arabia, which makes it easier for foreigners to obtain it and enter the country for the purpose of tourism and attend the new wonderful events in the Saudi seasons and the last of which is such as the season Riyadh and others.

It may not rank high in the list of tourist countries in the world, but this does not mean that it is a country that is not worth visiting or does not contain what is worth seeing. On the contrary, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, like other countries, has wonderful and unusual attractions, but the difference lies The state’s efforts to promote it globally, which the Kingdom has begun to take serious steps to change.

What can be asserted is that tourism in Saudi Arabia is a sector that will experience development and prosperity in the coming years, especially with Vision 2030, which aspires to make the Kingdom a country whose resources are not limited only to oil.

Wonderful tourist places

Prophet’s Mosque

The Prophet’s Mosque is characterized as the second mosque in the holy place in Islam, in addition to being the second largest mosque in the world after the Grand Mosque. The Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – was buried, and at that time the mosque was in the air without a roof, and in it was a high platform for reading the Qur’an.
Over a number of years, the mosque was expanded, the last of which was in the mid-nineties, and one of the most important landmarks in the Prophet’s Mosque; The Green Dome, the tomb of the Prophet – may God bless him and grant him peace, the tomb of the Caliphs Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq, and Omar Ibn Al-Khattab – may God be pleased with them.

alharam mosque

The Grand Mosque is one of the places of worship in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and it surrounds the Kaaba, the qibla of Muslims from all over the world. Millions of Muslims gather every year in this mosque to perform Hajj and circumambulate around the Kaaba. It is not devoid of worshipers day or night, and the floors of the mosque are characterized by white stones that reflect the sun’s rays during the day, in addition to that, the mosque is characterized by marble arches, and shiny domes, and everything in the mosque is luminous and its lights attract everyone with unspeakable aesthetic scenes. It is worth mentioning that the Grand Mosque was re-expanded and renovated over a number of years, as its first building was during the reign of Caliph Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, specifically in the seventh century AD, to accommodate the increasing numbers of worshipers and pilgrims to the House of God, and for this expansion the houses scattered around were demolished. The mosque, and during the reign of the Caliph Al-Mahdi, a greater expansion was carried out, and in 1571 a large-scale renovation was carried out and its effects are still visible to this time.

Madain Saleh

Mada’in Saleh is located roughly between the city of Petra, the capital of the Nabateans, and Mecca. Along the Red Sea, rather than paying attention to the overland trade caravan routes, Mada’in Saleh is characterized by its mysterious construction among the archaeological sites scattered in the Arabian Peninsula, with 131 tombs cut into the rocks surrounding the city. In Mada’in Saleh there is a place that seems to have been a place of worship called the Diwan, and the presence of the Siq, which is a narrow passage between the large rocks, with two small altars, and during the excavations there were traces of houses built of bricks and mud.

Zaabal Castle

The castle is located on the highest mountain in the northwestern part of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is built of mud and stone. It is not just a fortress, but for a number of centuries it was located above a system of wells operating throughout the city of Sakaka, and these wells were very large, but they were closed For the safety of the citizens, the current structure of the castle is a wall surrounded by four watchtowers, and a water tank, and the construction of the castle dates back to 200 years.

Wadi Lajab – Al Reith

This area is a rocky crevice in the middle of the water flowing in the northeast of Jizan city, and it serves as an ideal park for kayaking and swimming.
This area is visited by many vacationers from within the Kingdom, especially in the summer, thanks to its picturesque nature and its distinctive atmosphere. The rocky sides of the valley block the sun for the rest of the day, which allows vacationers to stay in the water for long periods.

Farasan Island

It is a group of coral islands located off the shore of Jizan, and the visitor in these islands enjoys snorkeling and diving. The house is built of green coral, and the island is characterized as a geologically diverse site, and a special place to attract different groups of birds, in addition to that, Farasan Island is famous for the presence of countless types of fish.

The royal scale is the official flag in addition to the royal emblem of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The emblem of the Kingdom consists of two curved crossed Arab swords topped by a palm tree. The two swords symbolize strength, strength and sacrifice, while the palm tree symbolizes vitality, growth and patience.