The Republic of Tunisia, in the far north of Africa and part of the Maghreb region, is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. It covers 163,610 square kilometers (63,170 sq mi), and has a population of 11 million. It contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains and the northern reaches of the Sahara, with much of its remaining arable land. Its 1,300 km (810 mi) coastline includes the African link between the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin. Tunisia is home to the northernmost point in North Africa, Ras Angles. Its capital and largest city is Tunis, located on the northeastern coast, for which the country is named
Since ancient times, Tunisia has been inhabited by residents. The Phoenicians began arriving in the twelfth century BC, and established several settlements, Carthage appeared by the seventh century BC. A major trading empire and a military rival to the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC and occupied Tunisia in the next eight hundred years, introducing Christianity and leaving architectural legacies such as the El Jem Palace. After several attempts beginning in 647 AD, the Muslim Arabs conquered all of Tunisia by 697, bringing Islamic religion and Arab culture to the local population.
The Ottoman Empire imposed its control in 1574 and ruled for more than 300 years, until the French invaded Tunisia in 1881.
Tunisia gained its independence under the leadership of Habib Bourguiba, who proclaimed the Tunisian Republic on July 25, 1957.
In 2011, the Tunisian revolution, triggered by a lack of freedom and democracy under President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali’s 23-year rule, toppled his regime and spurred the Arab Spring across the region. Shortly after, elections for the National Constituent Assembly were held The country voted again for Parliament on October 26 and for the President on November 23, 2014. Tunisia remains a centralized country with a semi-presidential system and a representative democracy. It is the only country in North Africa classified as “free” according to Freedom House, and it is considered the only fully democratic country in the Arab world in the democracy index according to the Economic Intelligence Unit.
It is one of the few countries in Africa to rank high on the Human Development Index, with one of the highest per capita incomes on the continent.
Tunisia is well integrated into the international community. It is a member of the United Nations, the International Organization of Francophones, the League of Arab States, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the International Criminal Court, the Group of 77 and many other organizations. Tunisia maintains close economic and political relations with some European countries, in particular with France and Italy, which are geographically close to it. Tunisia also has an association agreement with the European Union and has also earned the status of a major non-NATO ally of the United States
The area of Tunisia is 163,610 km2, and the total area is distributed over land and water bodies, where the land area is 155,360 km2, while the area of water bodies is 8,250 km2, and it has borders on the Mediterranean Sea, as it extends along its coast to the north for a distance of up to 1,148 kilometers
Tunisia is located in the north of the continent of Africa, specifically between Algeria and Libya.
The terrain in Tunisia varies, including mountainous, plain, coastal, and desert. Mountains are spread in the northwestern regions of the country, where the Atlas Mountains range extends, in addition to Jebel Chaambi, which reaches a height of 1,544 meters and is the highest point in Tunisia. The Tunisian coast is also located. Along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean, it is of a wide plain nature, and its lands are famous for the cultivation of olives. As for the southern region of Tunisia, it is characterized by the dry desert nature the closer it is to the desert.
number of population
The population of Tunisia is 11,721,177 people, according to statistics dating back to July of the year 2020, and the Arabic language is the official language in the country, but most of the original inhabitants of Tunisia speak a local Tunisian Arabic dialect, and the various migration movements to Tunisia throughout the ages have contributed to the diversity of population and cultures. ; Where the Phoenicians, Romans, Byzantines, Carthaginians, Ottomans, and others came to it, and it is noteworthy that the majority of the country’s population embraces the Islamic religion.
Tunisia has a thriving tourism, and tourism in Tunisia is one of the most important pillars of the national economy. The country is witnessing a significant increase in the number of tourists coming from all over the world to explore its tourist attractions that vary between historical, cultural, recreational and natural
Wonderful tourist places
The mosque was built by al-Ghassani bin al-Numan in 698 and considered it an Islamic university to spread the sciences of jurisprudence and Arab Islamic culture by a group of senior Islamic scholars.
It was called Al-Zaytouna, because the land on which the mosque was built had an olive tree in the middle, and the mosque is considered one of the most important tourist places in Tunis.
There you can enjoy the spirituality of faith and pray inside the Great Mosque, as it is one of the best places for recreation and worship.
Bab al-Bahr was built in 1860 in the form of an arch. It is one of the gates of the old city of Tunis. Bab al-Bahr separates the new city from the old city of Tunis.
Bab al-Bahr is located in the eastern wall of the old city of Tunis, and was named by this name, because it opens towards the sea. It is one of the most important sources of national income for the city of Tunis, where there are many visitors for the purpose of shopping in the markets of the old city. One of the most important tourist places in Tunis.
The Belvedere attracts many foreign tourists and residents in Tunis, as it includes rare species of animals that are endangered, and the number of animals is about 1200 of different animal species. It is one of the tourist attractions in Tunis.
The Belvedere Garden was founded in 1936 and opened to the public in 1966. It covers an area of about 12 hectares, and has many different plants, trees and flowers. This park is one of the best places of tourism in Tunis for families.
There you can enjoy wandering among the dense trees, beautiful plants and wild animals that you have not seen before, and enjoy the cheerful performances accompanied by some pets.
The Attarine Souk was built in the thirteenth century AD by Abu Zakaria I, founder of the Hafsid dynasty. It was previously known as Souk al-Nahhas, and it is one of the most important shopping places in antique Tunisia.
Souk Al-Attarin is located in the heart of the old city, next to Al-Zaytouna Mosque, and is famous for selling jasmine, roses, henna and bridal supplies.
Sidi Bou Said, the most beautiful city in Tunisia, is a tourist suburb located 20 km northeast of Tunis. The suburb of Sidi Bou Said is the first protected site in the world and dates back to the Middle Ages. It is located at the top of the rocky slope overlooking Carthage and the Gulf of Tunis. It is inhabited by about 5,000 people. It is a wonderful tourist place and is characterized by its own architecture, as you find most of the houses in this suburb are white with antique doors dominated by blue. These doors also contain very beautiful antique inscriptions and decorations. Sidi Bou Said witnesses festive appearances in the summer, such as the graduation of Sidi Bou Said. This event includes teams from Al-Isawiya who recount poems, praises, tambourines, incense, and ululating in the air. The village of Sidi Bou Said is an example of traditional architecture and architecture, and there are many areas that contribute to attracting the visitor, in addition to other places in the village.
La Marsa Beach is located 18 kilometers north of Tunis and has exhilarating ingredients such as clear water and soft white sand that made it one of the best tourist places in Tunis.
Many visitors come to enjoy the amazing water sports and recreational competitions among the visitors that are held on the beach, and enjoy in a high atmosphere of calm under the beach umbrellas.
The white symbolizes peace while the crescent symbolizes the unity of all Muslims and the branches of the star indicate the five pillars of Islam.